Limiting factors of transport development in Siberia and the Far East are the different natural zonal and azonal factors, as well as particularity of economic and social development of these territories. The quality of transport communication between Siberia and the Far East and the rest of the country, as well as within the region in the 1990s is sharply deteriorated. Transport tariffs increased, while the intensity of air traffic decreased and a number of areas were cut off from the national system of land communication. Therefore, the study of current transport situation in the regions of Siberia and the Far East, particularly remote or isolated from the main territory of the country is important. The combination of permanent climatic and changing socio-economic factors excludes the universalism in implementation of the transport strategy of a particular territory. This study is granted by Russian Geographical Society and Russian Foundation for Basic Research №24/2018/RGO-RFFI, leader S.А. Tarkhov). Database of the intensity and nature of transportation in the 2 regions-keys – Krasnoyarsk and Sakha (Yakutia) Republic – was compiled. Its analysis conducts the macro-zoning of the level of transport connectivity, to identify isolated local and regional transport systems, and to distinguish their main types.

References

  1. Bezrukov L.A. Kontinental’no-okeanicheskaja dihotomija v mezhdunarodnom i regional’nom razvitii (Continental-oceanic dichotomy in the international and regional development), Novosibirsk: Akademicheskoe izd-vo «Geo», 2008, pp. 369 (Rus)
  2. Hamelin L.-E. Discours du Nord — https://www.google.ca/#q=discours+nord+Hamelin+transport+nord
  3. Trejvish A.I., Gorod, rajon, strana i mir. Razvitie Rossii glazami stranoveda (Town, region, nation and world. Development of Russia view by regional geographer), M.: Novyj hronograf, 2009, pp. 369 (Rus)
  4. Gallup J.L., Sachs J.D., Mellinger A. Geography and Economic Development. 1999. http://www.hks.harvard.edu/var/ezp_site/…/001.pdf
  5. Transport strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030. APPROVED by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation in 2008 № 1734-p https://www.mintrans.ru/documents/2/1009 (Rus)
  6. Chernopiatov A. M. Managing the development of the transportation sector in the Northern regions of the Russian Federation // the Dissertation on competition of a PhD scientific degree M., 2006. (Rus)
  7. Pacific Russia: pages of the past, present, future — Vladivostok: Dalnauka, 2012. — 406 p. (Rus)
  8. Transport and communication in Russia. — Moscow: Goskomstat, 2016 (Rus)
  9. Sysoeva N. Processes of economic development of Siberia and modern problems of territorial development. Geography and natural resources. 2007. 3. P. 37-41. (Rus)
  10. Privalov A. N. The factors in the development of local transport networks // proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences, geographical Series – 2008 — №2. (Rus)
  11. Malov V. Yu., Melentev B. V. Transport corridors and economic development of the regions of Siberia (on the example of Krasnoyarsk region). // Spatial economics. 2005. 3. P. 32-46 (Rus)
  12. Asian part of Russia: a new stage in the development of the Northern and Eastern regions of the country / Malov V., Bezrukov L., Shilov M., etc.; Ed. V. V. Kuleshov ; Russian Academy of Sciences. Nib. Otd-nie. In-t economy and org. Prome. PR-VA. — Novosibirsk, 2008. — 427 sec . (Rus)